What is Insulin Resistance?
Insulin resistance (IR) is a condition in which the body’s cells become resistant or immune to the effects of the hormone called insulin. The normal response to a given amount of insulin is reduced. As a result, higher levels of insulin are required for insulin to produce the desired effect of stabilizing blood sugar. The insulin producing organ, also called the pancreas, compensates by trying to produce more insulin. With insulin resistance, the pancreas produces more and more insulin until it can no longer produce sufficient insulin for the body’s demands. At this point, blood sugar rises. Insulin resistance is a risk factor for development of diabetes and heart disease.