What is an STD?
An STD is an abbreviation for Sexually Transmitted Disease. STDs used to be called Venereal Disease and they are most often, but not exclusively spread by sexual intercourse. You can get a STD from vaginal, anal, or oral sex. The risk factors associated with contracting an STD include:
- Having more than one sex partner
- Having sex with someone who has had many partners
- Not using a condom when having sex
- Having numerous STIs (sexually transmitted infections)
Education and prevention of STDs is essential in maintaining good sexual and reproductive health. Some STDs like HIV, Genital Herpes and Hepatitis B can be transmitted to your baby during pregnancy or birth. STDs can complicate your pregnancy and may have serious effects on you and your developing baby. Some of these problems may be seen at birth; others may not be discovered until months or years later.
STDs are serious illnesses that require treatment. Some STDs, like HIV, cannot be cured and can be deadly. Through education, you can learn ways to protect yourself from the following most common STDs:
- Genital herpes
- Human papillomavirus/Genital warts
- Hepatitis B